Easter Sunday 1913, Omaha, NB

FATE OF IMPORTANT PAPERS: In 1913, Carpenter’s wife and children lived on Cummings Street in Omaha, Nebraska. This photo is labled: Militiamen in Bemis Park, 33rd and Cumming Sts., looking north. Carpenter states that some of his papers were lost at the time of the tornado.

Oscar M. Alfonso, Theodore Roosevelt and the Philippines, 1897-1909; New York, Oriole Editions, 1970.

Benedict Anderson, Cacique Democracy in the Philippines: Origins and Dreams.

Warwick Anderson, COLONIAL PATHOLOGIES, Duke Univ. 2006.

Renato Constantino, MisEducation of a Filipino

C. W. Farwell, “The Biggest Man in the Philippines: the Wonderful Work of Frank W. Carpenter;” NY TIMES CURRENT HISTORY, Vol. 13.

LUZVIIVIINDA BARTOLOME FRANCISCO, CONSPIRACY FOR EMPIRE: Big Business, Corruption and the Politics of Imperialism in, 1876-1907

Julian Go,  Democracy, Domestication, and Doubling in the US Colonial Philippines

Peter Gordon Gowing, MANDATE IN MOROLAND: The American Government of Muslim Filipinos 1899-1920; Philippine Center for Advanced Studies, Quezon City; 1977.


Michael Hudson, TRADE, DEVELOPMENT AND FOREIGN DEBT: How trade and development concentrate economic power in the hands of dominant nations; ISLET, 2009.

Reynaldo Clemena Ileto, PAYSON AND REVOLUTION,  1997.


Alfred W. McCoy,  Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines and the Rise of the Surveillance State (Wisconsin, 2009)

Thomas M McKenna, “Governing Muslims in the Philippines“, Harvard Asia Pacific Review, 2007.

RALPH ELDIN MINGER, Taft, MacArthur, and the Establishment Of Civil Government in the Philippines

Bernard Moses, “The Control of Dependencies Inhabited by the Less Developed Races,” Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904.

Norman G. Owen, COMPADRE COLONIALISM, [MI Papers on … Southeast Asia, 1971]

Manuel Luis Quezon, THE GOOD FIGHT, 1946.

Heather Cox Richardson: WOUNDED KNEE: Party Politics and the Road to an American Massacre.

Theodore Roosevelt, Speech, Arlington Cemetery, Memorial Day, May 30, 1902.

Elihu Root, THE MILITARY AND COLONIAL POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES, a speech given in Peoria, IL, Sept. 24, 1902.

Najeeb Mitry Saleeby, THE MORO PROBLEM, Manila, 1913. [Takes a few minutes to download.]

Peter W. Stanley, A NATION IN THE MAKING, 1974.

Peter W. Stanley, REAPPRAISING EMPIRE, 1984.

Wm H Taft, Speech at the opening of the Philippine Assembly, 1907.

U.S., 75 Congress, FWC House 1937, Frank W. Carpenter, annuities, 1937. Letters of support from associates, such as Pershing, Forbes, with vita.

Albert K Weinberg, MANIFEST DESTINY, Quadrangle Books, 1963 (1935).

Leonard Wood & W. Cameron Forbes, REPORT OF THE PHILIPPINE COMMISSION, 1921.

Dean Conant Worcester, “Knotty Problems in the Philippines,” The Century; a popular quarterly Volume 0056 Issue 6 (Oct 1898);  [pp. 873-880]

Dean Conant Worcester, Slavery and peonage in the Philippine Islands, Manila, 1913.


Christian ‘doctrine’ fueled dehumanization: UNPFII report

Arnaldo Dumindin, Philippine-American War, 1899-1902

Sultan of Sulu:

Manila Carnivals 1908-1939

Philippine Commission, REPORT; Third Annual Report; Univ Michigan listing.

Uncle Sam, the Moros, and the Moro Campaigns

University of Virginia, Miller Center of Public Affairs, Wm H Taft, Life Before the Presidency.


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